Grammar: Definition, Types & Important Exercise

Grammar is the measurements of the language. Grammar can only tell you whether the language is correctly spoken or not.

We can also say Grammar is the main key of English Language because without Grammar nobody will able to talk English Language or written.

For Example, if a person trying to talk the English language without Grammar then he talk like that I a teacher if you connect this sentence to grammar then it will be I am a teacher that’s the difference.

There are two parts of Grammar Word:

  Gram +Ar

Gram Definition: We all know Gram means kilo-gram, Hector-Gram, Milli-gram.

Ar Definition: Ar means Doer.

For example :   A person who drives a car is called Driver. Here Driver is Doer.

So Let’s Get The Definition Of Grammar :

The word Grammar comes from Greek, Which means Craft of letters, which is an apt description.

Grammar is the basic role of the English Language through which a person can easily talk English Without Any Problems.

If a person doesn’t follow Grammar role then he will not be able to talk English perfectly. We can also say key Function of English.

Parts of Grammar:

There are three Parts of Grammar:

  • Parts of Speech
  • Tense
  • Sentences

1. Parts of Speech:

There are 8 parts of Speech which is explained below:

A) Noun: A Noun is the name of anything. It is meaning word. It denotes the name of a person, place, thing or idea. Note that the word ‘thing’ is used to denote anything that we can think of.

B) Pronoun: A pronoun is a word which is using n place of a noun.  The tedious repletion has been avoiding by the use of such words as he, him, his, and they. Word of these kinds is calling as Pronoun.

C) Adjectives: An Adjective is a word that provides more information about the noun or pronoun.  Adjectives provide the meaning of Nouns by indicating their quality, kind, quantity, number etc. These words are called adjectives.

D) Adverb: An Adverb is a part of speech that provides more information about Verb, speech or sentence.

E) Conjunction: A Conjunction is thus a word which connects one to another word. It is a word which is used to join words or sentence together.

F) Phrases: A phrase is a part of of a sentence. Phrases are regarded as a simple part of speech.

A phrase is a group of words which makes a sense but not a complete sense, and which has no subject or finite verb of its own. 

G) Preposition: Prepositions mean those words are placed before a noun (or a pronoun) and indicate the relation of that Noun or Pronoun with the rest of the sentence.

H) Interjection: An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden emotion or feeling and has no grammatical connection with the rest of the sentence.

2. TENSES :

Tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking. 

There are three Types of Tense:

  • Present Tenses
  • Past Tenses
  • Future Tenses

Lets Talk About Present Tense:

A) Present Tense : Present means a signal of an action which we are currently doing.

There are four types of Tenses in the present tense:

  • Present Indefinite
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense

B) Past Tense: Past tense means a signal of an action which we were done last.

There are Four Types Of  Past Tenses:

  • Past Indefinite or Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense

C) Future Tense : Future Tense means a signal of an action which we will do in upcoming day or future .

There are Four Types Of Future Tenses :  

  • Future Indefinite Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense  

3. Sentences:

Sentences means a set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command.

Kinds Of Sentence :

There are 5 types of Sentences:

  • Assertive Sentence.
  • Imperative sentence.  
  • Interrogative Sentence.  
  • Optative Sentence .    
  • Exclamatory Sentence.

A) Assertive Sentence: The sentence which describes an incident is called Assertive or Declarative Sentences. An assertive sentence is called a statement.

  • God is good .
  • Man is mortal.
  • Pune is a metro city.

In the above sentences expresses or states an incident, a statement of fact.

2. Imperative Sentence : The sentence which expresses an order, a request, advice or a proposal is called Imperative sentence.

  • Salute the national flag.
  • Be kind to the poor.
  • Don’t waste your time.

The above sentences express advice, an order, a request or a proposal.

3. Interrogative Sentence: A sentence which asked a question is called an interrogative sentenc

  • Are you happy?
  • Can you speak Assamese?
  • Do you like coffee?

Each of the above sentences asked a  question.e.

4. Optative Sentences: The sentence which express a wish, desire, prayer or blessings is called Operative Sentence.

  • May God bless you.
  • May you pass the examination.
  • May you live long.

Each of the above sentences expresses a wish, a desire, a prayer or a blessing.

5. Exclamatory Sentence: The sentences which expresses the speaker’s emotion or feeling, sudden, joy or wonder. Such a sentence is called an Exclamatory Sentence.

  • How kind God is!
  • What a lovely picture!
  • How lovely is the Rose!

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