Adjectives :Meaning, Types and Essential Exercise

Adjectives:

An Adjective is a word that provides more information about the noun or pronoun.  Adjectives provides the meaning of Nouns by indicating theirquality, kind, quantity, number etc. These words are called adjectives.

USED OF ADJECTIVES 

    Adjectives can be used in two ways –
 
     1) Sudip is an intelligent boy. 
 
      2) This boy is intelligent. 
 
    In the first sentence the adjectives ‘Intelligent’ comes before the Noun
 
‘Boy’ which is qualifies. It is used as an epithet or attribute of the Noun ‘boy
 
‘ . Hence it is said to be used attributively. An attributive is called an ‘Epithet
 
‘ adjectives.
 
      In the second sentence the adjective ‘intelligent ‘ is used along with the
 
verb ‘is’ and help to complete it’s meaning. It, thus, becomes a part of the
 
predicate.  It, is, therefore, said to be used predicatively. 
 
    Some example of Adjectives used predicatively : 
 
      It look nice. 
 
     The man seems angry. 
 
     He is wise. 
    
     Are quite sure?

 

 

A) KINDS OF ADJECTIVES :
 
Adjectives are divided into following kinds :
 

DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES 

They qualify or describe an object by telling us of their quality, kind or condition. 
 

Example :

         He was an Irish Soldier. 
 
         Look at the blue sky. 
 
         It was a shocking news. 
 

ADJECTIVE OF QUANTITY :

These Adjectives qualify a Noun by showing the quantity of the thing
 
named . They show how much of a thing is meant. 
 

Example :

        He ate some bread. 
 
        Five me a little water. 
 
       My friend paid the whole amount. 
 

NUMERICAL ADJECTIVE:

These Adjectives denote the number of persons or thing named. They show
 
how many persons or things are meant or in what order they stand. 
 

 Example :

        Fifty students are attended in the camp.  
    
        He has some new pictures with him. 
 
        Many people think so. 
 
        Manish is the first boy in the class.

 

Note that Numerical Adjectives are also divided into two types :

   Definite Numerical Adjective:

 They show an exact number :e.g. One, two, three, four, five etc. 
 

  Indefinite Numerical Adjective:

 They denote number of some kind but do not indicate the exact number
 
E. g.  many, few, all, some, any, several etc. 
 

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE :

They point out which person or thing is referred to. 
 

Example : 

      This book is more interesting than this. 
 
      Those flowers are very lovely. 
 

DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE:

They refer to each one or two more persons or things taken singly or in
 
separate groups:

Example :

           Each man has to produce his identity card. 
 
            He can bat with either hand. 
 

INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE:

They are used with nouns to ask questions. 
 

Example :

   Which boy win the prize?  
 
    Whose book is this? 
 
     What roads leads to Shillong. 
 

 

B)  COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES :

 
Read the following sentences :
 
      1) Netta is a tall girl. 
 
      2) Berta is taller than Rita. 
 
       3) Neeta is the tallest girl in the class. 
 
Sentence (I)  says that Neeta has a certain degree of tallness, but doesn’t say
 
us how tell she is . It does not imply any comparison between Neeta and
 
anyone else.

 

 POSSITIVE DEGREE :

     An Adjectives, used without any comparison, is said to be in the positive
 
Degree. It is the simple form of the Adjectives. 

          In the sentence (2)  ,comparison is made between Neeta and Rita and the word ‘taller’ is used to indicate that Neeta has greater tallness than Rita.

 COMPARITIVE DEGREE :

An adjective like taller, used to compare between two persons or thing is
 
said to be in the comparative Degree. It is usually followed by than. 
 
In the sentence (3) , more than two girls are compared and the word ‘ taller ‘
 
is used to indicate that Neeta has the greatest tallness. 
 
  

 SUPERLATIVE DEGREE :

   an adjectives like tallest, used to compare more than two persons or
 
things and indicating the highest degree of a quality is said to be in the
 
superlative Degree. It generally takes the definite Article the before it. 
 

WAYS OF FORMING COMPARITIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREES :

    There are two ways of forming Degrees of comparison – by adding -er and
 
by -est  to the adjective or by using more and most before the adjectives. 
 
 

WHAT IS ABSOLUTE SUPERLATIVE ?

   It is a most interesting book .
 
   In the sentence, ‘most ‘ has been but does not it doesn’t imply any idea of
 
comparison. Such use of  ‘ most 
 
Also read :
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Alom

I am a Student B. Come and I am studying at Robindranath Tagur University, I have decided to start grammar trips site because I know many of my friends have the problem in Grammar, I am here to help them..

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